Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec vel libero at lectus rutrum vestibulum vitae ut turpis. Ut ultricies pulvinar posuere. Nulla rutrum, libero nec pharetra accumsan, enim leo blandit dui, ac bibendum augue dui sed justo. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Duis sit amet fringilla mauris. Ut pharetra, leo id venenatis cursus, libero sapien venenatis nisi, vel commodo lacus urna non nulla. Duis rutrum vestibulum ligula sed hendrerit. Ut tristique cursus odio, et vulputate orci fringilla nec. Proin tempus ipsum ut augue consectetur, in varius dolor bibendum. Proin at dapibus nisl.

Aliquam purus lectus, sodales et est vitae, ullamcorper scelerisque urna. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla feugiat, nunc nec gravida varius, nisl tellus dictum purus, a tristique purus lectus eget orci. Vivamus faucibus diam erat, vitae venenatis neque convallis vitae. Etiam eget iaculis arcu. Duis id nisl sapien. Aliquam erat volutpat. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Quisque luctus lorem a odio congue auctor. Suspendisse potenti. Nunc convallis, ante sit amet lobortis eleifend, orci dolor lacinia diam, quis luctus ante magna non sem. Phasellus pretium aliquam enim, a suscipit elit sodales vel. Proin tincidunt quis ipsum in condimentum. Vivamus molestie sodales erat et feugiat. Maecenas venenatis, leo in adipiscing commodo, eros tellus dapibus dui, in dignissim risus ligula id elit.

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The Internet brought a radical change in the way we do everything. It has made the world smaller, and has brought people closer together through high speed connection. In fact, the Internet has made us realize that we now live in a global community and that everything we do affects the world around us.

The Internet not only changed the way we live, but it has changed entrepreneurs’ home businesses too.

Due to the fact that the Internet has brought the world closer together,every business has the potential for a global market. That means that the Internet has made it possible for entrepreneurs’ home businesses to have customers far away from home.

In the past “home business” meant that an entrepreneur would have to get customers from his or her immediate community. Your market was limited,but now you can get your enterprise out of the house and into the world.

No wonder that the big companies of today had to work hard in order to get out of their homes. Many of the today’s big corporations often started as home-based business.

Many entrepreneurs actually take their business to the Internet,because the Internet helps people shorten the time they have to wait until their business gets off the ground. It helps entrepreneurs’ home businesses get the push it needs to provide a global market. The Internet actually allows you to have the whole world as a target.

More and more people are opening up on-line businesses because of the simple fact that they get to make money easier this way. Today’s entrepreneurs’ home businesses actually mean that the lucky businessmen actually get to stay at home while they make their cash, because of the Internet.

Keep in mind that entrepreneurs are the richest people in the world. Professionals, lawyers, doctors, may make a lot of money, executives may have big salaries, but entrepreneurs pay these people for their services. So who do you think is really at the top of the chain?

With the Internet, you can have all the information you need at your fingertips. This means that you virtually have the whole world at the palm of your hand.

Entrepreneurs now have access to every piece of information that can affect their business. We all know how attentive one must be of things that one cannot control. The market is a very unpredictable factor in business, with people changing their preferences all the time. Through the Internet, one can be prepared for any possible events.

A simple search on the Internet allows you to take a closer look at competition. What sets those businesses apart? What is the competition’s weakness? How can you get ahead in the market?

Because the Internet also allows you access to people, you can get expert advice quickly, therefore you can reach important contacts and make business decisions faster. Entrepreneurs’ home businesses prosper because the Internet allows these businesses to have the best of help.

Eventually you may need to pick a loan modification specialist. This can be very difficult if you don’t know what to do. One way to find a specialist is to do a little investigating, ask a few friends for advice, or consult some professionals who work in this area. Here are some guidelines.

One sure way to find a reliable loan modification specialist or modification firm is to ask people who have used the services of such professionals in the past. Personal recommendations might not give you many names. You may need to explore other avenues of finding help. There are other means of finding a loan modification specialist. Ask your local real estate broker. Due to the very nature of their business, they will know lawyers who have had experience with the procedures involved in foreclosure, financial disasters, and loan modifications.

A simple call to your local state bar association can assist you in finding a lawyer who has experience dealing with situations similar to your own. You might not be comfortable letting your lending institution know how difficult things are for you. However, a talk with the bank manager about your situation may also result in a recommendation.

A foreclosure attorney is another source of finding a loan modification specialist. Due to the nature of their business, these lawyers have dealt with loan modifications while representing their clients. They might be reluctant to offer a name, but you won’t know until you ask.

After you have done the research and found some possible loan modification specialists, narrow your list to three choices. Call the attorney or firm and ask if they would be willing to negotiate a loan modification on your behalf. Don’t jump right in to the process and start giving out personal information right away; take some time to get to know who you are hiring. Even then, never give out your mortgage ID number, driver’s license number, social security number or credit card numbers over the telephone

With so many people facing foreclosure today, thousands of loan modification companies have emerged offering a financial lifeline. Unfortunately, most demand big upfront fees, are not sufficiently educated in the industry to actually help, and may hurt by wasting valuable time and effort, or many companies (about 75%) are in the business to scam people. As stated by Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan–If you are struggling to make your mortgage payments, or if you are facing foreclosure, stay away from anyone who says that they will save your home for money upfront-.

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Loss Mitigation Specialist C. Thompson Sr (Nationwide Assistance, Clermont, FLA), has determined several tale tale signs of scamming by these companies:

Charges a huge upfront fee- the purpose of the fee is to contact the lender to ask for a loan modification. But, if turned down, only half the fee or none of the fee is returned. In these cases, there should be a money back guarantee.

Will not explain the purpose of the fee- all services should be explained and all questions answered.

Is not interested in your circumstances- may not have your best interest at heart.

Does not stop the foreclosure proceedings during the negotiation.

Will accept the first proposal from the lender, which may not suit your circumstances.

A virtual company-no real office- may not be a real company.

Too good to be true- promises a fantastic interest rate or/and an exact principle reduction amount, without consulting the lender. No promises can be made without negtiating with the lender.

No approval process-An approval process should be the first step in the modification process, before a fee is paid. The process should not include credit qualification, and approval should not be made on the first phone call.

Not a member of the Better Business Bureau.-they are not a leader in the industry.

Fortunately, you can avoid these scams. There are other avenues to pursue if you need assistance with your urgent mortgage problems. Consider a non-profit agency that will assist you without charging a fee, or a real estate licensee and an attorney who will work and allow payment after the work is completed. You can also obtain free advice and consultation for your refinance, loan modification and foreclosure needs through several government agencies:

Hope NOW –

FHA –

California Department of Real Estate –

Making Home Affordable-

The information presented above applies to home refinancing and loan modification abuse. However, if you are seriously looking to improve your finances in general, visit to find out more.

When it comes to buy a Subway Franchise, the first think which clicks in the mind is that how you will go to finance it?. Buying a Franchise or coming in the food chain business involves various things like setting up the restaurant, arranging for the shop fitters to fit out the shop accordingly, kitting it out with all the required catering equipment, fitting all the tables and chairs, and many more. That is the reason people usually look for a financer before buying a Subway Franchise. By having a handsome amount in their hand theyll be able to effectively budget their monthly outgoings through a monthly finance package to operate their business immediately with all the equipment they need.

Own a Subway Franchise only by going through the process of financing, as by doing this you are keeping your available capital in the bank, leaving it available for other important business expenditures. It will provide you liquid flow of cash to run the day-to-day business activities. You cant imagine how easily youll get back your return on investment easier by opting to tailored franchise finance package. It will benefit you by lending maximum money to your bank account each month on your lease agreement.

No one can deny the popularity of Subway, not because their unique chain of restaurants but for the quality they provide with mouth watering sandwiches. There is hardly any need to mention that their high profile advertising campaigns and their ongoing popularity and excellent menus are certainly attracting potential franchisees from all over the world. They all want to open their own Subway franchise and want to take a part in the active race to success. If you think about it you almost get it, enormous flexible finance packages on the market are available. It allows you to build in the franchise fee with all useful equipment that goes into the Subway restaurant.

Fulfill your desire to owe a business related of fast food industry by buying a subway franchise. This is the only platform where food have both moderate as well as healthy flavor

People whose property are in danger of being foreclosed are understandably often on the edge and worrying about what they could still do to avoid what seems to be the inevitable. Of course, it is easy to lose hope during tough times especially for those who have been hearing a lot about Wachovia bank foreclosures. Many of them are wondering what else they could do to avoid losing their homes. Fortunately, there are available options for you as a borrower even as you are facing a possible foreclosure.

What You Can Do

The first thing that you need to do once you get wind of the fact that there might be a foreclosure on your property is to pause and let in some clarity of your mind. Do not let panic set in yet. What most people do not know is that they could actually take some immediate action to get help. Contacting your lender for assistance, clarification and possible solution is highly recommended.

If you are worried that you might not be able to make your payments and fulfill your obligations under your mortgage, you can always contact the number provided in your Wachovia billing. This is the most reasonable option for people who are foreseeing possible difficulties in the months ahead for their mortgage payments but want to avoid having their property join Wachovia bank foreclosures. The good news is that there no workout fees that will be collected from you when you contact the bank. It is just making sure that you know your options once the challenge has began.

Usually, a borrower would look for the loan collections department or even the loss mitigation department. The bank would then redirect you to these departments but you should be prepared to produce all your relevant financial information that can help you convey your message to the bank. Your income data, expenses and other financial information that shows your assets, balance and liabilities will help give the bank an idea on how to proceed with or work out your dilemma.

Wachovia will then assess your situation based on your circumstances. There is no one solution for all borrowers and cases are dealt with according to their own facts. But there are possible solutions that Wachovia can provide you including a short-term relief or a loan modification in case where there is a longer-term financial difficulty.

And you do not have to worry about calling Wachovia and finding unresponsive people on the other end. They actually have trained people who handle calls relating to Wachovia bank foreclosures and generally, they offer three possible solutions. First, you can increase your monthly payments for a specific period to cover any missed payment. You may also choose to put your missed payments at the end of your mortgage. And finally, you may want to altogether modify your loan to accommodate your present and pressing needs.

When you are faced with financial hardship and you want to write an effective letter for loan modification, there are some basic rules you need to abide with for your application to be accepted. I have drafted here a sample letter for loan modification. Start the letter by writing your name, loan number, contact address, phone number, and may be your email address. Then in the body of the letter: To Whom It May Concern I’m writing this hardship letter to you in order to explain the reasons behind my requesting for a loan modification on my mortgage payments. I made my last payment just before August last year, since then I was not able to make any other payment on my monthly mortgage, reason is because of my husband terminal illness with gulp huge amount of money from our treasury since then it become increasingly difficult for me to handle alone. I am requesting for an interest reduction down to YX% from my current XX%. I feel it is a fair percentage for you, and this will be within my means. Prior to husband illness, both of us have been making enough to carter for our mortgage. Even when our interest rate rose to XX% we had no difficulty paying it. However, since the illness, I was left with half of the monthly income I had before. I had been pulling together enough to pay the bills and mortgage by pulling from our savings and the small amount of life insurance I received, but I can not cope for now that is why I requested for loan modification option from you. Without you lowering my interest rate, I won’t be able to afford the monthly payments. I have to make a choice between a loan modification and a foreclosure. I prefer the former far better than the later, and you probably would as well. YX% is the most I can afford now, even if I cut all of my expenses out of the picture. Please consider my application seriously and I hope to hear more from you on this matter soonest. Sincerely, Your Name (with date) You will notice that this letter is simple but straight to the point, it explain the circumstances of the loan seeker and her ideal interest rate based on her present income, she also showcase seriousness, she also let the lender know she would like to still maintain her home, the letter also pleads a good case for the lender, your lender must be aware of your choice between modification and foreclosure, although your lender may lose money on loan modification but it can not be compared with foreclosure, if you get all your facts, numbers and story straight you can put up a compelling hardship letter. Further more, for essential tips and facts on how to get quicker approval on your loan modification, I have done some research on this for you, visit for updated information.

I am confident that your pursue for basic finance formulas has approach to a conclusion as you read this article. Yes, are those days gone when we have to explore continuously for basic finance formulas information or other such information like financing, financial services, finance job or even msc finance. Even exclusive of articles such as this, with the Internet all you have to do is follow on and use any of the explore engines to find the basic finance formulas information you want.

Finance company focusing on the lending of money to customers, the purchasing of accounts receivable and the extension of credit to business. Write a living will in case you or your major other become seriously wounded or die and unable to make money choices.

Sellers can protect themselves at the outset by requiring the purchaser to prove his or her credit status before signing a contract. Buyers can easily get a mortgage prequalification letter or preapproval letter to show that they seem to be a good risk. This letter should give the seller with some quantity of comfort in going forward with the deal.

whether or not the monthly fiscal payment for the one piece of debt was the same as for the different units of debt, it makes sense to consolidate them, but the reality is that debt consolidation not only combines all the loans, and so on. Into one, but it also gives huge savings at the same time.

If this article still doesn’t answer your specific basic finance formulas quest, then don’t forget that you can conduct more search on any of the major search engines like Search. To get specific basic finance formulas information.

If you are not in a position to pay the entire amount you will currently pay only some of it, but you must plan on how you are going to repay the debt. Work out your future earnings and balance it with the amount you are able to afford to spend.

One of the best paths to find potential planners is by talking to others. If you already have an accountant, ask if they know of any planners that could assist with your current position. Check with friends and family or anyone else that you trust for referrals as well . It’s much better to get some first-hand recommendations before scouring the phone book or net.

monetary counsellor ( FA ) and finance expert ( FC ) are latest titles for stockbroker, broker, account executive or registered representative. Monetary advisors really should be investment advisers and monetary planners who take a holistic view of their clients’ financial wants and goals.

We were thrilled to know that many people found this article about basic finance formulas and other finance information, dictionary of financial terms, and even india finance helpful and information rich.

Here are seven ways for owners of small businesses to save money on their taxes.

1. Incorporate Yourself: If you`re still a proprietor or partner of a business, it`s time to incorporate yourself. Not only will you limit your liability, but you may enjoy lower tax rates on small business income and other tax advantages as well.

2. Be Home Based: If possible, continue (or switch to) being a home based business. Not only will you keep your overhead down, but you will be able to write-off (or deduct) the business use of your home.

3. Income Split: Pay reasonable wages to your spouse and children. In this way, you can legally divert income taxed at your higher rate to your family members that are in a lower tax bracket.

4. Rearrange Your Affairs For Maximum Tax Savings: Can you make some changes to turn your hobby into a moneymaking business? Can you use that extra room in your house as a home office for your business? Can you arrange to use your car more for business purposes? Can you arrange for more of your entertainment expenses to be business related?

5. Document Your Expenses Well: Do you document your expenses well so that they would survive a tax audit? Have you kept a mileage log so that you can prove the percentage business use you claim for your vehicle? Have you kept receipts for all your entertainment expenses and listed the business purpose on the back of each receipt?

6. Be Punctual: File all returns and pay all taxes due (income, payroll, sales, et cetera) on time. This way, you avoid expensive late filing (and payment) penalties and interest.

7. Develop a Tax Planning Mindset: Some people only worry about their taxes during tax season. However, you will save a fortune in taxes, legally, if you make tax planning your year-round concern. Do you make business and personal purchases, investments, and other expenditures with tax savings in mind?

Home loan modification may be the best way to get out of delinquency and save your home. But promising as it is, a loan modification can only work if you do your part in the process. Reports from major lenders show that most loan modifications fail because people don’t comply with the requirements, particularly when it comes to paperwork. It may seem like a big task, but it’s not as complicated as it seems – and it’s always worth the effort to save your home.

Your home loan modification attorney can help you gather the documents you need to complete your application. To help you get started, here’s a list of loan modification documents required by most major lenders.

Hardship letter This is basically a letter explaining the circumstances of your default and how you have recovered. Make sure every claim can be backed up with solid evidence such as bank records, and don’t exaggerate or play down details. Your home loan modification attorney can help you draft your letter to meet your lender’s standards. Most lenders also require a photo ID and a copy of your social security card.

Proof of income Steady income is one of the main requirements for a home loan modification. Your bank will want to see proof that you’ll be able to make your payments once the loan is modified. The general requirement is two months’ worth of pay stubs and tax returns for the last two years, or if you’re self-employed, your latest IRS filing plus proof of two months’ worth of income. If you’re getting child support, pension, or other sources of income, you’ll need to provide proof of these as well.

Financial status Your bank will want to know how your current finances are, and whether you have assets other than your home. Provide bank statements from your current accounts, including checking and savings. If applicable, you can also submit statements from your 401(K), profit sharing plan, IRA, or retirement account. Investment accounts such as stocks and bonds can also serve as proof of assets. Your home loan modification attorney can help you determine which ones will be most valuable in your case.

Mortgage documents Most lenders will ask for your latest mortgage statement, as well as any recent correspondence you have received from them. If your mortgage payment doesn’t include insurance and taxes, you may need to provide these statements as well.

Other bills Not all lenders will require utility bills such as gas, electricity, phone and water, but it won’t hurt to put in some as well. These will give your bank an idea of your monthly expenditure, which in turn helps them find a suitable home loan modification plan. Other useful documents include garbage pickup bills, home insurance policies, and homeowners’ association dues.

Investment club is formed by a group of people who pool their money for joint investments. If you are a new to investing in stock market and have limited funds, starting an investment club is a great way to learn from other investors and get hands on experience in investing.

Here are some tips to starting an investment club.

1. Make sure all members understand the risks of investing. Many people who invest think they are going to be very successful, and are not prepared to lose all of their money. Unfortunately, there are no guarantees when it comes to the stock market. No one should invest money they are not willing to lose.

2. Find the right people who share the same investment objectives and goals. It is easier to get along with right minded people and learn from each other.

3. Make sure all club members agree to the partnership agreement and any other rules.

4. Join the National Association of Investors Corporation (NAIC) that provides support, information and tools on starting an investment club and investing, and publishes a monthly investor-learning magazine.

5. All members must agree to make a monthly contribution. The typical range of contribution is $20 to $100 a month. Members who contribute more than the required contribution are allowed greater share of profits.

6. Decide on how to meet and the frequency of meetings. For the initial setting up of the club, it may be best for everyone to meet in person. If all meetings are held online, it may be good to meet in person once or twice a year for social interaction. To keep up to date, it is recommended to meet 1-2 times a month.

7. Start with a small number of people. It is easier to come to an agreement when there are fewer members. When the club is established and all formal procedures are in place, new members can be invited to join.

8. Education is the main goal of an investment club. An investment club made up of educated investors will be more successful and cohesive than an investment club which is solely focused on making a profit.

9. Every investment club must have a well-defined investment style or investment philosophy. There must be clear selection criteria such as what type of stocks to invest, the acceptable risk tolerance level and rate of return. All club members should be aware of and agree to the investment style of the club.

Starting and running an investment club is an invaluable learning experience, where you can leverage on the expertise and knowledge of other investors. Investment clubs facilitate the exchange of ideas and collective decisions that are likely to produce sustainable returns.

Following these guidelines will help you proceed wisely with investing in UK land:

1) Is the investment land in a region with high demand for housing?

The property should be in area that is viable and not at risk of future decline. Review statistics and trends about violent crime, school performance, industry loss or retention, and poverty, as these factors are crucial to determining housing demand. Find out what the city’s position is on funding for, and commitment to improving any of the aforementioned housing demand indicators.

2) Has a full sustainability study been carried out on the land investment site?

The land investment site must be evaluated to see what impact land development would have on the environment and natural resources. Any disturbance or potential harm to archeological sites, protected species, or conservation areas should be noted. Inspect the land’s topography for any sloping or flooding potential. Assess the effect that your potential investment might have on the present character of the land and buildings. Consider if a new development would “fit in” with the existing developments’ character?

3) Does the land investment site have road access? Is there an existing transport infrastructure?

Inquire about any plans for modification of roads that may affect the property in question. If there are such plans, are they already funded and scheduled or are they still in the planning stages? Research factors that affect the importance of access, such as the number of people who commute to work as opposed to working locally.

4) Does the area where the investment land lies have sufficient amenities to support residents of a new development?

Evaluate the quality and enrollment capacity of local schools availability of recreational facilities. Consider not only the quantity and variety of shops, but ask about longevity versus or high turnover of those businesses. Look into the ease of accessing both inpatient and outpatient medical care. Ask about immediate or future plans for addition or removal of any of the above amenities.

5) Does the company with whom you are investing have a successful record of accomplishment with UK Land Investments?

Ask for referrals from current and previous clients and actually contact them. Search public records, industry journals, and periodicals to be apprised of the company’s reputation, stability, and expertise with investing in UK Land.

6) Does the company contractually retain a holding in the land investment site?

Investigating matters such as this may seem to be obvious and unnecessary but will save you time and money in the long- run

7) Does the company contractually commit funds to the planning application for the land investment site?

Be sure that commitment of funds to the planning application for your potential investment in UK land is specified in the contract.

As you examine this article, remind that the rest of it contains is important information related to mortgage finance and in some way connected to auto financing for your reading benefit.

Handling your financial affairs well during these times is of uttermost seriousness.Folk are having a tough time surviving with the skyrocketing cost of products and the rising rates on home loans and car loans- the proven fact that plenty of corporations, and monetary giants at that, are either closing down or cutting down on manpower. Much doubt hangs in the air in the current industrial scene giving rise to the necessity for beneficial finance information not only for committed investors but all the way down to normal people trying to survive the daily grind.

What you may not know is that the subprime mortgages are mortgages whose interest rate is below Fed. prime level ( though this may be the case in some mortgages ) it usually means that mortgages were given to people who couldnt qualify under standard terms.

AT THIS JUNCTURE As can clearly be seen from this little information already given that this article is in some way or demeanour related to mortgage finance. Its not only related but may also be very useful when hunting for information regarding real estate financing, financing home, institute of finance and economics, in print.

Finance is the study of how individuals, companies, and associations obtain and utilise capital ( i.e. Money ). 2 basic elements of finance include the tradeoff between expected returns and risk and the importance of timing of future money flows.

Financial reform legislation, though way overdue, has the opportunity to send what has been a tough stock market recovery into bear market. While the COUPLE OF party system works to discuss new laws, all parties are ignoring a vital function of the derivatives market.

Many people looking for mortgage finance also searched online for boat financing, personal finance, and even list of international lease finance corporation customers.

In general, the goals of each of the above activities are achieved thru the utilization of acceptable monetary instruments and methodologies, with consideration to their prescribed setting.

By now I am certain you are considering how to cope when there dont appear to be any other alternatives, right? Then now I would like to invite you to claim your FREE info when you visit .

TAILPIECE In conclusion, mortgage finance quest should have been satisfied with this article. If not, you can easily get additional info by making a search on Google for mortgage finance or other chase auto finance, computer finance, statement to the house on terrorist financing, investing related info.IN CLOSING Im certain you have learnt one thing or another about this manuscript that should help in your search for mortgage finance or any other bad credit car financing, finance credit, how to become a millionaire,under secretary of the treasury for domestic finance.

Banking Dissertations are considered to be one of the most complex types of theses that students may come across. In order to trounce the complications involved in writing a bank dissertation, a scholar should have an understanding of these problems at first.

Writing a Dissertation on Banking

To start with writing your thesis on banking you have to first have a grasp on banking dissertation topics. A topic determines a direction for you to move in. The following suggestions would give you some ideas for your thesis on banking and from these you may also come up with your own dissertation topics.

? Islamic Banking in Europe

? A Dissertation on Investment Banking

? The Usefulness of Internet Banking

? Concept and Evolution of International Banking

? Understanding Banking and Finance and the Geopolitical Influences

Now suppose if you choose to write an Islamic banking dissertation. For this topic you need to understand the meaning and purpose of Islamic banking itself. Only with complete understanding and knowledge of the subject will enable you to write your term paper. You may also choose to write banking and finance dissertation with a view on its geopolitical influences.

Some Useful Tips

Apart from doing research, you could also use bank dissertation help from experts in the field. However, if you choose an easier option, here are some tips that would certainly help you write a good thesis.

Discuss existing banking practices in detail and provide examples based on your research to authenticate the discussion. You may also take the current global economic slump for your topic and prepare an argument on the factors prompting such economic decline.

While writing your research paper always remember that dissertations or term papers act as the ideas and opinions of the author which are connected with facts and premise from reliable sources.

The Federal Trade Commission has finalized a policy statement clarifying that the agency will not take enforcement action under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) or the FTC Act against companies that are attempting to collect the debts of deceased consumers, if the companies communicate with someone who is authorized to pay debts from the estate of the deceased.

The policy statement also emphasizes that debt collectors may not mislead relatives to believe that they are personally liable for a deceased consumer’s debts, or use other deceptive or abusive tactics. Family members typically are not obligated to pay the debts of a deceased relative from their own assets. The FDCPA limits whom debt collectors may contact after a loved one has died to people such as the deceased person’s spouse and the executor or administrator of the deceased person’s estate.

Since the FDCPA was enacted in 1977, state probate laws have changed, and now, less formal procedures often govern the appointment or selection of those who are responsible for the disposition of the estate. In many instances, there may be no formal executor or administrator of an estate. In the enforcement policy statement issued today, the Commission seeks to reconcile the FDCPA’s requirements with current trends in state probate law.

In keeping with the FTC’s October 2010 proposed policy statement the final policy statement specifies that the agency will not take law enforcement action under the FDCPA if a debt collector communicates about a deceased person’s debts with that person’s spouse, the executor or administrator of the deceased person’s estate, or anyone else who is authorized to pay the debts from assets in the estate. The final policy statement also: Describes how debt collectors may communicate with family members and others to locate someone who is authorized to pay the deceased person’s debts from the estate, and specifies that collectors may not mislead individuals into believing that they have the authority to pay the decedent’s debts when they do not. Specifies that, in seeking to locate someone who is authorized to pay the deceased person’s debts from the estate, collectors may not reveal or refer to the debts, but may say they wish to discuss payment of the deceased person’s bills. States that in keeping with the FDCPA’s prohibition on unfair, deceptive, or abusive collection practices, debt collectors may not contact family members and others at unusual or inconvenient times or places. Emphasizes that, in communicating with someone who is authorized to pay the debts from assets of the deceased person’s estate, collectors must avoid creating the misleading impression that the individual is personally liable or could be required to pay using his or her own assets, or assets held jointly with the deceased person.

The effectiveness and success of any USMLE review is heightened by a valid and discriminating appraisal of all its aspects. Evaluation is a part and parcel of any teaching-learning activity. It is an integral element in the proper organization of learning. It is in no sense functionally separated from it.

Testing, measuring, marking and making reports, which are the most familiar instruments of evaluation should be considered and treated as factors in the business of bringing about better retention and mastery in a USMLE board preparation.

According to the Dictionary of Education, evaluation is the process of ascertaining or judging the value or amount of something by careful appraisal. It is the process of making judgments that are to be used as a basis for planning the teaching and learning environment. It involves improving the product, which speaks of the medical students, the process or plan which is signified by the USMLE review program and the goals which is set on the first day of the review session together with the students.

Evaluating the results of your USMLE question bank practice test exercises will determine many aspects in terms of your growth or development for the USMLE Steps preparation as well as the efficiency of the methods and strategies utilized in the USMLE review. The results provide useful data by:
revealing your specific points of strength and weakness in the process of teaching and learning as well as relearning
providing opportunities for devising new methods of instruction and review materials or resources
measuring the validity and reliability of the instruction and review that you received in the review program
making you familiar with your own results, thus helping you to understand your own high and low potential for learning as well as help you create more positive methods and system of addressing related roadblocks for licensing examination success
objectively and systematically identifying your needs for additional resources and aids for review as well as provide useful data for your progress

On the above mentioned value of the results of your USMLE question bank practice tests, it is noteworthy to mention that evaluation and measurement are two different things. To measure would mean to determine the extent while to evaluate is to consider all facets that will most likely contribute to the soundness of the test, results, process and subject matter being evaluated.

The most common form of evaluation that medical students go through in preparing for the USMLE Steps is answering practice test exercises with questions that were taken from a USMLE question bank. The results of these test exercises whether evaluated cumulatively or separate with each subject matter serves as the best indicator for USMLE success.